Anyone can have unwanted fat deposits at different areas of the body, including the chin, neck, cheeks, upper arms and above the breasts, abdomen, buttocks, hips, thighs, knees, calves, and ankles. Liposuction is a plastic surgery method to remove excessive fat from these problem areas of the body, especially from areas where fat deposits can’t be removed with dieting or doing exercises. This cosmetic surgery procedure is suitable for both men and women. Man can also benefit from liposuction so that excessive fat will be removed from the problem area where fat has accumulated (for example from the sides of the waist or from the breasts), restoring the body to a more masculine physique.
You are a good candidate for liposuction if you have bulging and flabby areas of the body from excess fat, especially the abdomen, arms, thighs, and neck, liposuction may be the option you are looking for. This is especially true if you eat a healthy diet and stay physically fit and yet these fat deposits are persisting. The fat pockets can result from genetic factors, body chemistry, and many other causes. People with localized, exercise-resistant fatty deposits usually obtain the best results. But you should be aware that the flabby appearance of the area being treated by liposuction may persist.
Liposuction is not treatment of choice for weight loss. People who are very overweight or who have large areas of fat deposits are usually not good candidates. It is advisable to lose weight first and reduce the fatty area through diet or exercise before considering liposuction.
Instructions before Liposuction
- Before the operation examinations and laboratory tests are needed.
- Your general practitioner has to issue a medical certificate to release you for the operation.
- A routine laboratory test must be made (blood cell count, ions, liver and kidney functions, Prothrombin, blood sugar, blood group).
- Smoking and drinking alcohol is forbidden.
- Do not take aspirin and any medicine containing aspirin for 2 weeks before surgery.
- If you are regularly taking medicines, you have to discuss with your surgeon which must be taken or left off.
- Do not eat or drink or smoke 6 hours before surgery.
- Chewing gums and drops are not permitted either.
- Before surgery you have to take off your rings, jewellery, piercing and take out your dentures, contact lenses and remove your make-up.
- The surgery of women can only be performed outside the menstruation period.
The Liposuction operation
Liposuction is performed under general anesthesia, but in some cases when the patient is smaller, local anesthesia can also be used. The surgery takes about 1-1,5 hours. Time of surgery varies depending on the size of the area that is being treated. Many people usually choose to treat multiple areas, which will increase the total surgery time. Your surgeon will make an incision and insert a cannula under the skin, scraping it along the underside skin surface to loosen the fat deposits. The fat deposits are then sucked into the vacuum through a tube connected to the cannula with vibration. Finally the incisions will be closed and the treatment area will be wrapped with elastic bandages, and support hosiery or a girdle is prescribed, to compress tissue and help control swelling and bruising. Patients have to stay in the clinic for a night.
Recovery after the Liposuction surgery
The skin will be swollen and sore for several days, but ice can be applied to reduce the pain. An antibiotic may be prescribed to reduce the possibility of infection. A support girdle has to be worn 4-6 weeks day and night. Refrain from heavy lifting and straining after surgery for three or four weeks. Easy body exercises are permitted only 4 weeks after surgery. Doing sports (tennis, jogging, swimming) is only possible after 6-8 weeks. Avoid intensive exposure to sun for at least 2 -3 months Liposuction final results may not be fully evident for up to six months. Liposuction can be repeated for a given area of the body a number of times, as long as the area has completely healed from the previous treatment. But this is not usually necessary, because with traditional liposuction the fat removal is permanent.
Complications by Liposuction
Liposuction is a widely performed procedure, health risks from complications are low, however, as in every surgical intervention, there are also complications that can occur. The most serious complication is an inflammation that ranges from a little flush that normally disappears in a couple of days to a serious inflammation which may cause the need to reopen the area to remove mucus. Bleeding may also occur, causing haematoma. This can also cause inflammation. The sensitivity of the treated area occurs usually temporarily and will diminish, but in some cases, it can become permanent. Skin discolouration can also occur, and skin may become a shade darker than the surrounding area and the skin over the operated area may adhere roughly, causing dents on its surface.